Analysis of Sūrah Qāf
With Sūrah Qāf begins the sixth group of the Qur’ān. The
central theme of this group is the Hereafter. In this particular sūrah, various
arguments have been cited to prove that the Day of Judgement is certain to come.
The sūrah can be distinctly divided into the following seven sections:
Section I (1-5)
The grandeur and magnificence of the Qur’ān bear witness
that it is the word of Allah. Those who are regarding it the work of a poet or a
soothsayer are merely doing so as an excuse to deny the Day of Judgement. They
are actually confounded by the fact that someone from amongst themselves is
warning them: that after they die and become dust, they would be returned to
life again. This according to them is very unlikely. Actually pride and vanity
have led them to reject the Qur’ān and owing to this reason they are calling it
a work of poetry and soothsaying. Their denial is baseless and as they have
denied the truth, they are in an acute state of mental confusion and obvious
contradiction. They should be aware of the fact that even what the earth
consumes of their bodies is in the knowledge of Allah and with Him is a register
which records all what they say and do.
Section II (6-11)
A reference is made to the signs of the heavens and the
earth which bear evidence to the Day of Judgement and to the reward and
punishment that shall be given on that Day as well as to the belief of Tauheed
(monotheism). These signs testify to the power and wisdom of the Almighty and to
the various means of sustenance He has created for mankind. These signs are
meant to remind and caution man.
Section III (12-14)
The Quraysh have been warned that they should not deny the
truth because of pride and prejudice. Many nations before them who were guilty
of this crime were totally destroyed, and if they continue with this attitude,
their fate would be no different.
Section IV (15-18)
The Almighty’s attributes of Knowledge and Creation which
prove the certainty of the Day of Judgement are alluded to and a reference is
also made to the arrangement He has made for the security and protection of the
records of all the deeds and utterances of mankind.
Section V (19-35)
A vivid description of the Day of Judgement is drawn: The
details of the dreadful fate the disbelievers shall encounter and the good fate
the believers shall meet have been highlighted.
Section VI (36-37)
The Quraysh have again been warned that they must not be
overcome by the pride of the power they possess and must not vainly reckon that
their glory and grandeur are eternal: Many other nations, who had much more
power and splendour were destroyed at the very height of their dominance and
authority; they could not even find any room in the vastness of the earth to
hide from the ruthless law of retribution. Indeed, in the account of these
nations is a lesson for people who are sensitive and who earnestly give ear.
Section VII (38-45)
The Prophet (sws) has been urged to persevere and to
persist in the cause of truth, and seek perseverance from Allah with the help of
prayers. He has been told to defer the matter of the disbelievers to the Day of
Judgement, which is certain to come; when the Almighty Himself shall take
account of their deeds. Furthermore, he has been assured that his only
responsibility is to warn them of this Day; to make them accept faith is not his
responsibility. He should only admonish everyone who fears Allah by this Qur’ān,
and to leave the matter of those who make of fun it to the Almighty.
(Translated from Islahi’s “Tadabbur-i-Qur’ān”) ---Shehzad