[The Prophet, upon whom be peace, praised and glorified Allah, and then
O people! Listen to what I say, as I do not know if I shall ever meet you at
this place after this year.
O people! Your blood and your property [and your honour] are sacrosanct,
until you meet your Lord, even as this day and this month are sacrosanct.
You shall meet your Lord and He shall ask you of your deeds. I have conveyed
[the message]. He who has a trust with him, let him return it to the one who
has entrusted him with it.
[Behold! Everything that is jāhiliyyah’s is trampled under my feet]. All
usury is abolished, but you retain your capital. Do no wrong and you shall
not be wronged. Allah has ordered that there should be no usury. All the
usury of Abbās ibn Abd al-Muttalib stands abolished. All the (unrevenged)
blood claims of the jāhilliyyah are abolished and the first claim I abolish
is that of the son of Rabī‘ah ibn al-Hārith ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib; he was
fostered among Banū Layth, (where the tribe of) Hudhayl killed him. This is
the first of the jāhiliyyah blood claim that I begin with.
[O people! Allah has assigned unto everyone his due. Bequest to an heir is
illegal. The child belongs to the bed, and the adulterer is to be stoned.
Whoever claims to be the son of one who is not his father and whoever claims
to be the client of one who is not his master, on him rests the curse of
Allah, the angels and all humanity. Allah shall not accept his repentance or
O people! Satan has despaired of ever being worshipped in this land of
yours. But if he can be obeyed in anything less [than worship] he will be
content with matters you may regard as of little importance. So beware of
him in your religion.
O people! ‘Postponement of a sacred month is an excess in disbelief whereby
those who disbelieve are misled; they permit it in one year and forbid it in
another year, (deluding themselves) that they may make up the months which
Allah has prescribed as sacrosanct; thus they permit what Allah has
forbidden and forbid what Allah has permitted’. The cycle of time was
shaped on the day that Allah created the heavens and the earth. ‘The number
of the months with Allah is twelve’. Four of them are sacrosanct: three
consecutive and the Rajab of Mudar, which is between Jamādā [al-Thāniyyah]
O people! You have rights over your wives and they have rights over you. You
have the right that they do not permit into your homes anyone you dislike
and they should not commit open indecent acts. If they do, Allah permits you
to put them in secluded rooms and punish them without severity. If they
refrain (from such things) they have a right to their food and clothing in
kindness. Take good care of women, for they are in your trusts and have no
control of their selves. You have only taken them as a trust from Allah, and
you have been permitted by the words of Allah to have sexual relations with
O people! Understand my words. I have conveyed (the message), I have left
you with the plain indication which if you hold fast to, you will never go
astray: the Book of Allah and the practice of His Prophet (sws).
O People! Listen to what I say and understand it. Know that every Muslim is
a brother to every Muslim and the Muslims form one brotherhood. It is not
lawful for a person to take from his brother except what he gives him
willingly. So never wrong yourselves. O Allah! Have I not conveyed (the
You will be asked about me, so what will you say?
(They said: ‘We witness that you have conveyed (the message) and have
performed your duty and that you have meant well with us.’)
[Pointing his index finger to the heaven and then to the people, the Prophet
said: ‘O Allah! be witness; O Allah! be witness, O Allah! be witness.]
[Let the present convey the message to the absent. Many a listener may
comprehend better than those who may be (present) listening. Return not to
disbelief after me, killing each other.]
Courtesy ‘The Crescent