The coherence in this Sūrah is very evident. The Sūrah
begins with the declaration that the Qur’ān is a manifestation of the
Graciousness of the Almighty. The Almighty created man and specially blessed him
with the power of speech and comprehension. These grand favours and abilities
entail that man should be taught and educated with the the most grand heavenly
work---the Qur’ān---and not through torment and punishment. It is the extreme
misfortune of the disbelievers who instead of seeking guidance from it are
demanding to see the promised doom.
After this, the various signs in the heavens and in the
earth and in the the universal norms of human intellect are pointed at and two
of the Almighty’s creations---men and jinns---are urged to reflect on them and
asked how many such signs would they deny.
First and foremost are mentioned those signs and
manifestations which point to the fact that the Almighty greatly cherishes
justice and does not approve anything contrary to justice and equity at all in
the world He has created. These are followed by those which indicate that the
tremendous and extremely vast system of sustenance which the Almighty has
established on the earth entails that man shall one day be held accountable for
the profound blessings he has been given. Those who deserve to be rewarded shall
be rewaded and those who deserve to be punished shall be punished.
A reference is then made to the fact that it is the
Almighty who has created men and jinns from clay and fire and He can easily
create them a second time. There is no difficulty for Him in this regard. This
whole Universe is under His control; He is the Lord of the East and the West.
Whatever rises, rises with His permission and whatever sets, sets with His
After this, it is asserted that the conflicting elements
in the Universe are in harmony with one another to fulfil a greater purpose
which is over and above their creation. This bears witness to the fact that a
sovereign will is dominant over these elements which creates harmony between
them and uses them for the collective welfare of the universe. If this was not
so, the universe would have been destroyed by a clash between its conflicting
elements. That it is surviving is an ample testimony to the fact that a single
supreme and omnipotent power controls it. An indication is then made that Allah
alone is immortal and all the rest are mortal.
Next it is expressed that all except the Almighty are
needy and He is the only one who fulfils their needs. The foolish who ask from
others actually receive from Him as well. An affirmation is then made of the
fact that the Day wherein accountability of deeds shall take place is certain to
come and on that Day no one---men as well as jinns---would be able to run away
from the Almighty’s grasp. On that Day, no evidence shall be needed to convict a
criminal as his forehead shall bear witness to his sins. He shall then be
grabbed by his forehead and feet and flung into Hell.
At the end, features and characteristics of the paradise
which the muqarrabeen shall receive are dilineated, followed by the features and
characteristics of the paradise which the Ashaab-ul-Yameen shall be blessed
(Translated from Islahi’s "Tadabbur-i-Qur’ān") ---Shehzad