Adam was not sent
down to earth because of disobeying the Almighty. The Almighty had declared
even before creating him:
And [remember] your Lord
said to the angels: Lo! I have decided to create a in the earth. (2:29)
This the Almighty had said
before angles and Satan (Iblīs) was also present there. Then all of them
were asked to prostrate before Adam. Iblīs because of his vanity and conceit
did not obey God. And when the Almighty reprimanded him he threatened to
mislead humans on earth. Then the Almighty settled Adam and Eve in the
garden where they succumbed to Satan’s scheme and fell into error. They
realized their mistake and sought forgiveness which was they were granted.
Now they were asked to leave that garden and start their lives in the earth
and obey Allah’s guidance.
The world Jannah doesn’t
necessarily imply the paradise, which is the abode of the pious ones in the
Hereafter. In fact, the portrait the Qur’ān draws of that it tells that it
is something to be created at some time in the future.
It is thus obvious from
2:29 that it was decided from the beginning that humans were to be settled
on the Earth.