I‘tikāf is a very special form of worship. The essence of this
ritual is to devote ones self to the Almighty by praying, reading the Qur’ān
and remembering Him through His attributes. It is optional and carries great
reward. Fasting is a pre-requisite for I‘tikāf. Muslims normally undertake
it in the holy month of Ramadān.
Ideally, a Muslim woman should sit in I‘tikāf in a mosque. However, if that
is not possible, she can observe this ritual in a secluded part of her
house. The maximum length is that which begins on the 20th of Ramadān at
sunset and ends with the sighting of the moon whether this occurs on the
29th or the 30th. I‘tikāf can be observed for lesser period and preferably
the length should not be less than one night.