humiliation of the Prophet Muhammad’s rejecters took place in two phases. Once
it was evident through divine bidding that his opponents had rejected Muhammad (sws)
in spite of the fact that they were convinced that he was a true Messenger of
God, in the first phase, only open and avowed enemies were slain and the rest
were spared. It was in the next and final phase when every rejecter was
humiliated. While the polytheists were put to death the People of the Book were
allowed to live if they wanted to stay on their faith by remaining subservient
to the Islamic state.
The conquest of
Makkah belongs to the first phase. Consequently, at that time also while general
amnesty was granted, some people who were guilty of aggression were hunted down
and put to death.