Islam does not require a woman to change or amend
her name when she gets married. This has basically to do with the traditions of
a society. Today many societies follow this tradition. Arabs in the times of the
Prophet (sws), on the other hand, did not follow this tradition. So when Ā’ishah
(rta) got married to the Prophet (sws), her name did not change to Ā’ishah
Muhammad (rta). It remained as it was before. Similar was the case with other
wives of the Prophet (sws), and indeed with every Arab lady.