The objective of Islam is Tadkiyah-i-Nafs
(purification of the soul). Today the world is becoming more and more sensitive
to environmental pollution. Islam wants us to become sensitive to moral
pollution as well. Just as the filth around us pollutes our environment, the
evil found in our soul stains it. Eyes may not see it, yet it cannot be
concealed from the mind’s vision.
Both our religious concepts and the deeds we do need
purification. Also, this purification is required both in the individual as well
as the collective spheres of our lives. An individual must purify his concepts
and deeds and a collectivity (like a state) must purify its concepts and deeds.
The directives for the purification of the individual and those of the
collectivity are explicitly mentioned in the Qur’ān. Consequently, as an
individual, one needs to conform oneself according to these directives. It is
one’s duty to do the needful and it is the duty of the state to do what is
required from it.
If a Muslim state is not doing what is required of it,
then it is being disobedient to the Almighty. In this case, it is the religious
obligation of the religious scholars of the country to warn them of the grave
consequences of this disobedience.
Joining a revolutionary or any other party is not a
religious obligation at all. The responsibility of the common man is to exhort
people in his immediate surroundings towards good. Neither is he in a position
to reform the state nor is he required to do so by Islam. Of course, this does
not mean that he cannot join a party or create a pressure group for
communication of his demands regarding the enforcement of Islam.