From the Islamic view point , following are some
facts about Satan:
1. He was among the jinn-folk.
2. At the time Adam (sws) and Eve were created, the angels
and the jinn were asked to bow down before them. This was to test the submission
of the angels and the jinn folk to the Almighty. All the angels and the jinn
obeyed the Almighty except one rebellious jinn. His name was: Iblīs (The Satan).
3. The Qur’ān at numerous occasions says that it was out
of sheer arrogance that Iblīs denied the directive of the Almighty because he
thought he was superior to Adam (sws) since he was made from fire and Adam (sws)
4. Not only did Satan deny the directive, he also threw a
challenge to the Almighty Himself that if he was allowed respite till the day of
judgement, he would lead other people astray as well. Satan was granted respite till the day of judgement and allowed to allure
people. However, this does not necessarily mean that he is still alive. His
mission is being carried on by his progeny found both among the jinn and among
5. The only power Satan and his accomplices have is to
implant evil suggestions; they do not have the power to force people into evil.
6. Since this world was created as a trial and test for
man, Satan and his accomplices are one of the means to test man; the test lies
in whether people resist the evil suggestions of Satan or are carried away.
Consequently, he was told that he would not be able to lead the pious astray.