The answer to your first query is that Islam has
no particular system of education. It has left such things to common sense and
experience. One should benefit from the experience and practices of those who
are involved in this field. Islam’s first concern, whatever system be followed,
is that universal human values must be inculcated in children. They should have
all the good attributes of human beings. Its second concern is that every child
should have a basic knowledge of his religion.
These two may be called the principle guidelines of an
Islamic system of education.
The answer to your second question is in the negative. All
the Prophets of Allah urged mankind to have knowledge of the basic guidance
revealed to them. This is what is evident in most Ahādith of the Prophet (sws).
In them, the word ‘Al-Ilm’ means religious knowledge and does not mean knowledge
other than this. This of course does not mean that they discourage a person from
obtaining general education. The fact is that the urge for general education is
naturally found in a person and Prophets of Allah leave such affairs to this