If all the texts of the above Ahādīth are
collected and analysed, and related to the Qur’ān the picture which emerges is:
1. These Ahādīth are specifically related to the
testimonies of the Companions of the Prophet (sws) about some of the people of
their own times. They have no bearing upon us.
2. The Qur’ān has called the Companions of the Prophet (sws)
the witnesses of the religion of Truth:
Thus have We made you [O companions of the Prophet!] an
intermediate group that you might be witnesses over the nations [about the
religion of the truth] and the prophet a witness over yourselves. (2:143)
The words mentioned in some texts of these Ahādīth: ‘You
people are Allah’s witnesses on earth’ also refer to this very fact. Bearing
witness to the truth by the Prophets of Allah means that they unveil the truth
before their nation in such an ultimate form that these people are left with no
excuse to deny it. In such circumstances, the dividing line between the
believers and the non believers becomes very distinct and the two groups become
very distinguished from each other. In other words, the Prophets of Allah are
given such signs by the Almighty that they in their personal capacity become
witnesses of the truth. It is only as a result of this that their companions are
able to extend this phenomenon to other nations of the world of their own times.
Now if the Companions of the Prophet (sws) bear witness to the piety of a
certain individual, then it is certain because of their special position that he
will be sent to paradise. This of course means that his good deeds will
outnumber the bad ones and will be instrumental in sending to him to paradise.
3. These Ahādīth, therefore, actually bring out the lofty
status of the Companions of the Prophet (sws) and give glad tidings to the heirs
of the deceased – for whom the Companions have testified – that they should rest
assured: their dear departed will be sent to Paradise.