As a principle, a person in his own lifetime has the right to give or
gift his wealth in any proportion to any or all of his children. In this regard,
the Sharī‘ah imposes no obligation on him except that he should be fair and just
with all his children in this regard.
As far as his inheritance is concerned, it solely relates to the wealth and
property which he leaves behind after his death. In this case, the Sharī‘ah has
fixed the shares of his heirs. They must be given their share in the prescribed
proportion. All his heirs must sit together and distribute his wealth among
themselves according to this proportion. If any one of them does any injustice
in this distribution, he must know that according to the Qur’ān (4:13-14) he is
doing a grave sin. The other heirs have the right to take this case to the court
if they think that they are being deprived of their right by someone.
Consequently, whatever you received from your father in his life was a gift
from him. It cannot be regarded as your share of inheritance. You still have a
share in his wealth as his legal heirs, which of course you have the right to