Answer: As a
principle, it is true that all directives which are conditional, do not apply
in circumstances in which the conditions no longer exist. The directives which
pertain to shortening of prayers in travel are conditional to the feeling of
unease and discomfort a traveller experiences in his journeys. This, of
course, may be relative and different for different sorts of people as well as
for different forms of travel. In spite of better travelling facilities, a
traveller may still feel the discomfort and uneasiness which is associated
with travel. Besides, comfortable travelling is still not affordable to many.
Similarly, a traveller may feel very fresh in a relatively hard and long
Consequently, if, after travelling -- whether through tough means or
comfortable ones -- a person feels as if he is at home, it is not obligatory
for him to shorten his prayers. Because of variety and difference in human
temperament, the distance after which this rebate can be benefited from has
not been fixed. It is left to the traveller to judge for himself.
As far as
the shortened rak‘ats are concerned, they are clearly specified by the Sunnah.
The farāid of Fajr and Maghrib prayers, being already small in number are not
shortened, while in the three remaining prayers they are reduced to two.