The understanding of this
passage that I can offer is this: God Almighty, in order to explain to us
certain truths sometimes uses analogies in the Qur’an. If there is a need in the
analogy to mention words like mosquito or fly, for instance, then a
serious-minded reader would readily understand the idea in the right context.
However, for someone who is inclined to reject the message without considering
it properly, examples like these provide opportunities to make fun of it. Thus
God Almighty says that the same message guides some and misguides others.
However, the message doesn’t misguide anyone but those who are transgressors:
those who have spoilt their innate goodness by doing what their nature requires
them to stay away from. For example, man’s nature, fashioned by God Almighty,
requires him to maintain good relations with relatives and not sever his ties
with them. However, those who are ultimately misguided by the Qur’an instead of
being guided by it don’t bother to maintain their relations with them.
Let me give you an example of a
passage where a fly has been mentioned in an illustration. The Qur’an mentions
an example to illustrate the foolishness of those who worshipped statues instead
of God Almighty in Surah Hajj. It says:
O mankind! A parable is coined,
so pay heed to it: Those on whom you call beside Allah will never be able to
create even a fly though they combine together their abilities for the purpose.
And if the fly took something from them, they could not rescue it from it. So
weak are both the seeker and the sought. (22:73)
In this verse, the Qur’an has
effectively used the example of a fly to help the reader understand the weakness
of the polytheistic position of worshipping statues. However, those who are to
be misguided by this passage might claim that there was no reason why there
should be a mention of a creature as mean as a fly in God’s message.
Obviously anyone who says that
has missed the point completely. However, he has missed the point not because
there was anything wrong in the idea of mentioning a fly in the example, but
because he didn’t want to understand it, and in order to justify his position,
he uses the mention of fly in the passage as an excuse. The Qur’an claims people
who are thus misguided are those who have contaminated the innate goodness of
their pristine nature by transgressing against Allah’s will.