A 1: Hearing the sound of the Adhān
is not a condition for saying the prayer. The prayer calendar can be consulted
for prayer timings and once the time for a particular prayer begins you can
The purpose of the Adhān is
just to signal the time of congregational prayers in a mosque.
A 2: The obligatory part of the Jum'ah prayer is only
the khutbah (given after the second A^dhān) and the
two fard rak`ats. The rest is all optional.
A 3: The point on the praying surface at which a
person offers sajdah is the limit beyond which one should not pass. This
distance is normally equal to the width of a saff (row). Passing at a distance
greater than this is allowed. However, it should be done only if there is no
other alternative since this might distract people who are praying.
A 4: The Prophet (sws) has allowed Muslims for whom
it is difficult to get up at night and say the Tahajjud prayer to say it with
the Ishā prayer. The three witrs Muslims generally offer in their Ishā prayer
is actually the Tahajjud prayer.
It should be kept in mind that the Ishā prayer said by
the Prophet (sws) throughout his life consisted of four obligatory and two
optional rak`ats only.
A 5: Qasr prayer is only allowed during travel. If a
person is sick or unwell he should say his prayer in whatever form possible
(sitting, lying down, or even by mere gestures).
A 6: The clothes a person generally regards as decent
are the ones in which he should say his prayer. Therefore, it is up to your
brother to decide in this regard.
A 7: He should came out of the congregation and
rejoin it after doing wudū. If it is not possible owing to some reason, he
should sit at his place and wait till the prayer is finished.
A 8: The only thing stated in the Sharī`ah which
nullifies the prayer is the breaking of one’s wudū.
A 9: He should motion to a person of the front row to
A 10: Both ways are correct.
In congregational prayers, a mistake done by any of the
followers does not require any sajdah-i-sahaw. Only if the imam commits a
mistake should all the followers offer sajdah-i-sahaw in the leadership of the
A 11: Women should pat their knees and men should say subhānallāh.