do not perceive God, but we do observe this world. History has recorded the
story of the fashion in which we have beheld it for the last five thousand
years. We have observed it from widely different angles. The Bedouin of deserts,
and the unsophisticated tillers of soil had their share of intimate observation
of this world. So have the modern scientists and astronomers like Swedenborg,
Herschel, Hubble, and Einstein done from their very special positions. We saw
this world even wen our imagination suggested that a slightly taller structure
would literally shake hands with the sky; we are still watching it now when we
know that some of its stars are so distantly placed from us that their light
takes billions of years to reach us.
There was a
time when we fancied our sun to be no more than a big ball which, if it were to
somehow cool down and descend to us, could be conveniently employed for our
benefits. Our modern enlightenment has enabled us to know this its distance from
Pluto, a planet, for example, is four billion and six hundred million miles.
Furthermore, we know that this system is only a small part of a large galaxy
which has billions of suns, and that this galaxy is just one of the millions of
This, then, is
what we know as yet, we do not know what more is in store, still eluding us for
want of ever further scientific probing.
this long period of stay in this world we have always heard the silent verdict
of our intuition that all this arrangement despite its vast expanse and
grandeur, is a creation, Our intellect unequivocally endorses this verdict.
Efforts to form a contrary opinion not withstanding, human intellect have always
ended up with the same conclusion. The findings of the latest research are,
likewise, no different. Man is, Consequently, forced to confirm that this world
is undoubtedly a creation, no more and no less than that.
from the above that if this world is a creation it should definitely have a
Creator. A common rebuttal of this argument, based on the question of
identification of a Creator of this deduced Creator, is clearly illogical, for
we do not argue that everything should necessarily have a Creator. On the
contrary, we assert that every creation should indispensibly have a Creator, and
because we accept this world to be a creation, it must logically have a Creator.
Everyone should , therefore, submit willingly to this verdict of our intellect.
yield to this verdict which is unanimously endorsed by our intuition as well as
by our intellect. Our entire existence, in fact, is a clear testimony to it.
Nothing within or external to us can challenge this contention. We, therefore,
believe that the existence of God is an unquestionable reality which no
reasonable person can afford to deny.
not appear through our observations and experiences only. We also, at times,
infer from evidences of objects and events to arrive at conclusions. Information
gathered through both channels deserve equal right on the word. A modern
physical scientist has rightly remarked that reality is always reality whether
discovered directly or through reasoning. The major part of man’s best scholarly
achievement is based on this process. He unhesitatingly affirms those facts
which he has discovered through logical reasoning just as he affirms those which
he has observed directly.
As the Holy
Qur’ān invites man to believe in the facts which belong to the second category,
the unseen facts, it was but logical that it should have adopted the process of
intellectual reasoning to convince its readers. It first draws the attention of
man to the reality which exists in this intuition. It informs him that the
Powerful and Wise Being who unquestionably exists beyond the domain of his
senses was never unknown to his intuition. Call Him Allāh or Rehman (the
Beneficient)’ all good names are His. The Qur’ān then draws the attention of
man’s intellect to the visible aspects of this world. It presents for his
consideration the various expressions of nature, both within himself and
external to him in the surroundings, which lie within his observable reach, It
Your God is
one God; there is no God save Him, the Beneficient, the Merciful. Lo! in the
creation of the heavens and the earth; and the difference of night and day, and
the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to man, and the water
which Allāh sends down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death,
and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and in the ordinance of the winds,
and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth are signs for people who
implores the intellect to accept the consequential outcome towards which these
expressions inevitably lead, for it is only befitting for it to submit to truth.
It is the same
process which modern science has adopted to prove many of its claims. The Holy
Qur’ān employed it in a period when the startling achievements of our times were
unknown. Modern science was, no doubt, fortunate in discovering the process
which is the only way of appreciating unseen realities. It is, however,
unfortunate in ignoring the reality which emerges most prominently after
adopting this process: the existence of God. We do not know how long it will
take to overcome this contradictory attitude.