The Sūrah can be divided into the following six
The Sūrah begins with the assertion that the Day of
Judgement is certain to come. The Day shall evaluate a person according to his
faith and deeds; it shall upgrade many a people and downgrade many of them. As a
result of this assessment people shall be divided into three categories: the
ashāb-ul-yamīn, the ashāb-us-shimāl and the sābiqūn-ul-awwalūn.
Those nearest to the Almighty will be the
sābiqūn-ul-awwalūn. The details of the gifts and favours of their Lord which
they shall receive in paradise are recounted together with the qualities of the
sābiqūn-ul-awwalūn which actually entitled them to these favours.
The second place shall be occupied by the ashāb-ul-yamīn.
A delineation is made of the bounties and rewards which they shall be blessed
with in paradise and their personal high character which made them worthy of
this life of bliss.
The horrible fate of the ashāb-us-shimāl is depicted and a
reference is made to a few of their grave sins which led them to this terrible
The Quraysh are directly addressed and warned that they
shall end up with the same fate as that of the ashāb-us-shimāl if they persist
in their attitude of denying the Prophet (sws). In this regard, a reference is
made to certain self-evident arguments which bear evidence to the Day of Reward
and Punishment. Such is the nature of these arguments that no excuse but
stubborness on their part can deny them.
An indication is made to the exalted status of the Qur’ān
and the fact that it is above and beyond the reach of Satan and his agents. The
Quraysh are again cautioned not to turn a deaf ear towards this sublime message
and invite their doom. The fate which this Book is informing them about is a
reality. Fortunate are they who will today strive to attain a place among the
ashāb-ul-yamīn and the sābiqūn-ul-awwalūn; those who will not do so, shall end
up among the ashāb-us-shimāl and shall face a grievous penalty.
(Translated from Islahi’s “Taddabur-i-Qur’ān”