To answer your question,
I’ll first elaborate upon a few points:
According to the Sunnah set by
the Prophet (sws), the Friday sermon should be delivered by the head of state
and his administrators in their appropriate units, and only they should lead the
Friday prayers. However, in case of any legitimate plea on their part, other
persons can address and lead the Friday prayers as their authorized
The implications of this Sunnah
are very clear: In Islam, mosques are meant to be the fountainhead of authority.
Also, there is a complete negation of theocracy. A person whom the Muslims
choose as their leader shall also lead them in worship, eliminating once and for
all the division between state and religion. After the Prophet (sws), his
Companions solemnly adhered to this Sunnah in the Caliphate they established.
However, in later times, when due to their own ill-ways the Muslim rulers could
not stand face to face with the public, they themselves handed over the mosques
to the ulema. This was one of the most tragic incidents of our history. The
result was that religion lost its grace and the state its grandeur.
Now with this background, I come
to your question:
Since only state representatives
were authorized to deliver the Friday address and lead the Friday prayers, other
mosques in the same locality were not given this permission because of the fact
that there was no other state representative that was made available to those
mosques; this was not by default but by planning. The whole territory was
divided such that each locality was assigned an administrator or state
representative; he would go the Jamī‘ Masjid (Central Mosque) of his unit and
people of other mosques would also gather in that mosque. Other mosques of the
same locality, as a consequence, remained closed for Friday prayers.
Today, however, when we are not
praying the Friday prayer in its real form, this condition obviously does not
apply. Unless a Muslim state itself realizes this responsibility and deputes its
representatives to the mosque, there is nothing wrong in holding Friday prayers
in various mosques of the same locality or neighbourhood.